In the wireless connectivity domain, the term 5G refers to ‘Fifth Generation Mobile Connectivity.’ Before 5G, there was 4G or LTE connectivity which came around 2016, took over the smartphone world, and boosted the data transmission speed.
Currently, the average transmission speed of 4G LTE is around 21 Mbps. But, the 5G transmission speed is said to be 100 times faster than 4G, i.e., around 10 Gbps.
If it achieves the expected 10 Gbps data speed, then it will outpace both 4G and 3G. However, the 5G isn’t going to be easily available for everyone. A lot of work would need to be done by the top telecommunication and tele-networking companies. Also, 5G will cost high investments.
Whatever it is, the wireless network technology 5G technology will reduce delay time, while increasing data transfer rate, increase in communication speed, and advancements in mobile technology coverage. Not only this but it will connect billions of devices on earth.
This technology will cross the realm of smartphones, will reach smart cities, smart factories, the defense industry, the space industry, and more.
Increased range, More speed, Less energy-intensive, Low latency, More users connected, Delay time reduction, etc. are the main advantages of building a 5G network.
That’s why it is called ‘Network of Networks’ ready to enable Industry 4.0!
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How Does 5G Technology Work?
To carry data and information in the air, wireless communication systems make use of radio frequencies. The higher the radio frequency, the better the information transmission speed. Internet connectivity technology 5G operates, in the same way, to carry data at a much faster rate.
Previously, the radio frequency waves were getting blocked by physical objects like buildings and trees but it took this challenge seriously.
As a result, this technology utilizes multiple I/O antennas. More input/output antennas boost signals capacity across the ecosystem of wireless networks. Not only antennas but it also use transmitters for better signal transmission without any blockage.
As per reports, it can support a minimum of 1,000 devices/meter, which is higher than 4G!
Furthermore, this technology slices a physical network into many virtual networks. Once a network is divided into different networks, it becomes easy for the operators to deliver better network facilities to the users. Additionally, network management becomes easy.
Among 5G telecom companies, many companies are on the road to rent isolated network services to the businesses and factories by separating them from the rest of internet traffic.
South Korea is the first nation to adopt it at full scale. Their top 5G carriers use hardware, equipment, and resources from Samsung, Ericsson, and Nokia.
Today in 2020 in the world, we have 224 operators and 88 countries in the market of 5G technology continuously researching, installing, and investing!
When You Can Accept 5G At Your Homes?
Indeed, it can’t replace 4G soon!
Some estimate that it will take a decade to replace it! What do you think?
I think it is mostly true in the rural areas because there the cost of deploying it will be high. Moreover, the initial requirements to launch it will be fulfilled by the 4G LTE infrastructure.
Hence, the 5G will be the first rollout in the busiest places!
For example, the 26 cities of the UK have already seen 5G launches. London, Edinburgh, Birmingham, and Manchester were the first in the UK to prepare for this new wireless mobile network technology.
Also, South Korea and the USA have already started their own 5G services. In the USA, the fifth generation of internet connectivity is in limited form because there are multiple factors not allowing the speedy rollout of 5G services.
If you are in the USA and don’t know when you will use high speed 5G internet, then you can contact these 5G service providers:-
- Verizon: Fixed and mobile 5G all over the US.
- U.S. Cellular: In California and Iowa.
- AT&T: The best 5G mobile connectivity in hundreds of cities.
- T-Mobile/Sprint: Available in thousands of locations.
- Starry: Currently active in Washington, DC, Boston, New York City, Denver, and LA.
- C Spire: Giving active 5G in Mississippi.
- Comcast/Xfinity: Rolled out nationwide in October 2020.
- Google Fi & Simple Mobile: Nationwide coverage powered by T-Mobile.
“From the report of OpenSignal, Verizon is the best 5G performer in the USA, which boasts the internet data speeds to 506.1 Mbps. Verizon exclusively mmWave (millimeter Wave).”
While the western world is on the road to achieve 5G fastly, the rest of the world isn’t ready yet. Many around the world think that once the technology is fully rolled out in America, the UK, South Korea, European countries, it will dramatically distribute to other parts of the world.
Existing 4G networks will help in its coverage because if your device drops the 5G signal, it will catch back to 4G or LTE. As a result, a nationwide 5G rollout in the USA will make 4G services better.
Therefore, the future years of the world will see 4G and 5G coexisting together side-by-side!
Do We Have Any Disadvantages of it?
For years, a belief like ‘radio waves damages brain cells, breaks nervous tissues and causes brain cancer in humans’ has spread. Furthermore, it is scientifically affirmed that radio waves put effects on human cell tissue.
But, in another study, it was found that human body skin shields the brain from radio waves.
So, can it pose a risk to our health and the biological environment around us? I don’t know, but till now there is no evidence that it is a dangerous technology to our health.
There are rumors that 5G triggered the COVID-19 pandemic in the western world. Many took it seriously and set towers on fire in the UK. However, health experts denied this 5G coronavirus conspiracy. Covid has robbed us of precious time with loved ones, but it’s also pushed people into undergoing valuable research related to the disease and how it affects us.
The question remains the same, “Is 5G harmful to us and other living creatures around us?”
Is it harmful or not, I don’t know, but we need more study on it and its impact on our environment and creatures, then only we will understand the disadvantages of it.
The environmental factors are the biggest thing surrounding the launch of it everywhere!
We live in a world that runs by philosophies and technologies. As time changes, the philosophies and technologies need upgrades and updates. Take anything out of our lives, the world will definitely collapse. We are addicted to the internet for our purposes. To continue the purpose we need the internet and to save time we need fast internet services.
For this, 5G is here!
“2021 is the starting year which will see 5G launch and installation everywhere in the world.”
Its connection will be an important part to create the ecosystem of future smart cities, businesses, industries, and technology. I think every mobile application development company will get good business with the rollout of 5G everywhere. “It’s estimated that by mid-2022, each citizen in the USA will use it.”
What do you think? Mention your thoughts in the comment section below!